Monetary policy plays a vital role in shaping a country’s economic landscape, influencing interest rates, money supply, and inflation rates. Implemented by central banks, monetary policy serves as a powerful tool to promote economic growth, stability, and financial well-being. In this article, we delve into the concept of monetary policy, its objectives, tools, and its impact on the economy.
What is Monetary Policy?
Monetary policy refers to the actions and strategies undertaken by a country’s central bank to control and manage its money supply and interest rates. The primary goal of monetary policy is to achieve and maintain stable economic conditions that support sustainable economic growth, low inflation, and full employment.
Objectives of Monetary Policy:
- Price Stability: One of the primary objectives of monetary policy is to maintain price stability by managing inflation. Central banks strive to keep inflation within a target range to prevent extreme fluctuations in the cost